The concept of a hair transplant has been around since the 1930s.
Dr.Okuda, a Japanese dermatologist by profession, outlined a technique of hair transplantation using grafts, similar to the way hair transplants are performed today. His proposal was published in a medical journal. His method involved the use of hair transplant grafts to replace lost hair in balding areas. However, the method he devised could not really take off so well because of the impact of WWII.
The real breakthrough in the hair transplantation field came with Dr.Norman Orentreich’s hair transplant surgery performed in New York city, which was the first of its kind for male pattern baldness. He named his principle as ‘Donor Dominance’ and the principle established the truth that hair follicles could be obtained from the balding resistant donor areas of the scalp and be implanted into the balding areas of the scalp, and that the implanted follicles would continue to grow throughout the patient’s lifetime.
The 60s and 70s there was an immense increase in the popularity of hair transplantation. However in the early days, larger hair grafts were used for the transplants. The large graft technique became outdated owing to the fact that the patients in a lot of cases did not have enough donor hair to complete the entire number of sessions of the hair transplants. This was when Hair Transplants got a bad reputation, and when the fear conjuring name “hair plugs” started to be used.
The 80s where when hair restoration significantly evolved, to become more improved and sophisticated. The larger grafts were replaced with smaller and mini or micro grafts. This helped with improvement of hair fullness and density and a much more refined hairline in the front.
In the early 90s the most refined surgical transplant procedure, the FUE (Follicular unit hair transplantation) was developed. Dr. Woods from Australia proposed the concept of creating hair restoration using the FUE technique. To this day, the FUE technique has been evolving and becoming more refined and is widely accepted as the gold standard or hair restoration. The FUE is a powerful hair restoration technique and patients can hope to achieve an increase in hair density even after a single surgical session. The industry has come a long way.